Category Archives: Uncategorized

Expanding access to HIV point of care testing through community pharmacies: the APPROACH study

By Christine Hughes


Estimates in Canada suggest that about 21% of people living with HIV do not know it. There are often many barriers to HIV testing including concerns about privacy and confidentiality, low perceived risk of infection, access to testing, and waiting about a week for test results. Current guidelines recommend that HIV testing should be part of routine care and that novel approaches are needed to make testing more available to people who may benefit from it. We know that earlier diagnosis and treatment of HIV leads to better patient outcomes, but also reduces the risk of transmission to others. Most people are tested for HIV by their family doctor or at STI clinics. Point of care (rapid) testing for HIV provides an opportunity to increase access to testing in non-traditional settings, such as community pharmacies.  The test is performed using a finger prick blood sample and test results are available within minutes. Community pharmacists are accessible health care providers, especially in rural settings where health care services may be more limited.

The purpose of the APPROACH study is to determine whether HIV point of care testing in a community pharmacy setting is acceptable, feasible and effective in reaching individuals that may be a risk of HIV infection. This 6 month pilot study is funded by a grant from the Canadian Institute of Health Research and is being conducted in four community pharmacies  (urban and rural) in Alberta and Newfoundland. The Alberta pharmacies are located in Edmonton (Community Members Pharmacy, 10611-101 Street) and Fort McMurray (Shoppers Drug Mart #327, Franklin Avenue). Testing will be available by appointment on weekdays. In order to be eligible for the pilot study, individuals need to be at least 18 years of age and have an active Alberta Health Care number.  

As part of the study, pharmacists will provide pre and post-test counseling and administer the HIV test in a private counseling room at the pharmacy. The HIV test itself is highly accurate and looks for antibodies against the virus.  If the test is reactive (positive), confirmatory testing is needed in order to diagnose HIV infection.  In this case individuals will be provided with a form to have confirmatory testing done at a lab, and will be immediately linked to appropriate care and follow-up.  In order to assess the study objectives, individuals enrolled in the study will be asked to complete a short pre-and post-test survey.

We hope to learn from this pilot study whether the model of HIV testing in a community pharmacy setting is acceptable to individuals requesting testing and whether it addresses some of the barriers to testing.  We also want to learn whether HIV testing is feasible for pharmacists to incorporate into their work routine.  If the pilot is successful we hope to expand to other pharmacies in Alberta and Newfoundland, as well as other parts of Canada.

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The End of Criminalization is Just Good Science

By Marlo Cottrell

As someone who has been living with HIV for over 20 years, I still remember my early years of having to live with this virus. When treatment was often limited and a large number of people were still dying. Trying to navigate through the overwhelming realization that I had to live with this disease, I will tell you that disclosure took practice and I didn’t always get it right as much as I tried. That is a reality for many. Through the decades, we’ve come so far and conquered the enormous summit to accessible treatment here in Canada, easier to manage medication and a life where living with this disease is not a death sentence, but a life with tangible hopes and dreams that flourish.

HIV criminalization has yet to reflect the highly treatable infection we see today; where an undetectable viral15138470_842377852570876_2454002420699421243_o load means the virus stops with us. The legal implications of living with this virus and not disclosing to a partner still garner someone the possibility of convictions of aggravated sexual assault, however. The harshest of sentences relegated to the worst of sexual assaults. Aggravated Sexual Assault: The Criminal Code also allows for increased penalties for sexual assault where the accused “wounds, maims, disfigures or endangers the life of the complainant.” Transmission does not necessarily have to take place. This carries the hefty sentence of the maximum of 10 years in prison and mandatory registration on the sex offender registry list. As a survivor of sexual assault, I find it the implications of this deeply disturbing, when we as human beings when engaged in consensual sex, have the option to protect ourselves. 1 in 5 people living with HIV do not know their status. As a former sex trade worker who advocated for safe sex on a daily basis, I used to tell my clients, “I don’t know where you’ve been and you don’t know where I’ve been. Out of respect for that fact, we need to protect ourselves and each other.” Today, as it stands, if we are undetectable and use a condom, we do not have to disclose. If we don’t use a condom, we must disclose but the risk is zero with an undetectable viral load. I think the crux of criminalization comes down to, who benefits from these laws? We know these laws are not a deterrent for the spread of HIV, which is what the intent was supposed to be. They only perpetuate and reinforce a false sense of security. The goal is to prevent new infections from occurring. I have sat with a former partner in the waiting room with his requisition form for an HIV test, both of us knowing that he should be tested. That crumpled requisition form landed in the bottom of a garbage can faster than you could imagine.

It is the promotion of zero stigma, zero discrimination and zero new infections that is at the heart of what gets people out and embracing an HIV test. The science has been in for a while now. It protects people from new infections when those of us living with this virus are able to know our status by wiping away the fear of shame and the heavy burden of stigma. HIV criminalization was set forth on a misguided course to protect us, but it does little more than further stigmatize a disease that we are conquering. The end of criminalization is just good science.

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My HIV status: I was a weapon

By Kenneth Pinkela


“He’s HIV positive so it must be him…”

This is a direct quote from CPT Jordan Stapley, US Army JAG attorney and the prosecutor who brought charges against me on my 45th birthday – June 29, 2012.

Up to that point, I was a very happy and successful 27+ year career US Army officer, HIV+, healthy, long term non-progressor, actively serving my country.

On a day I should have been celebrating my 45th birthday, COL Michael Hargis, the military judge, presiding over my general courts martial said the words “guilty of all charges and specifications…” Life as I knew it was over…

It didn’t matter that I had volunteered for a polygraph, that there was no investigation or that my family was in the house.

It didn’t matter that I had volunteered for phylogenetic testing and actually introduced the government to Dr Mike Metzker of Baylor University…the scientist who successfully applied phylogenetics to the HIV virus and was able to demonstrate one strain of the virus was not like the other; thus proving a person is or is not the source of infection.

It doesn’t even matter that the primary witness has signed a sworn statement recanting and describing lies and coercion on the part of the Army prosecution.

I was charged under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ), which defines Aggravated Assault as…

any service member offering or attempting to do bodily harm to another individual, through unlawful violence or force, whether or not the offer or attempt is consummated…

My charge sheet reads “Aggravated Assault for “exposing” a First Lieutenant to the Human Immunodeficiency Virus and inflicting grievous bodily harm or death…” and the aggravation is my HIV status…ME…I was a weapon.

When you hear those words “aggravated assault” you, like any average person, you envision some type of violent physical attack …but none of that could be farther from the truth.

My case, like many other HIV Criminalization cases both in the US and in Canada rarely, if ever, have any “element” of a crime.

What’s extraordinary to my case different than the state specific HIV criminal laws, no US President or session of the US Congress has never included HIV in any manner into the Uniform Code of Military Justice.  HIV criminalization continues, without authorization, unchecked via case law, ignorance and stigma.  All at the expense of the lives of military members who just happen to be living with HIV.

I am now 49 years old, unemployed, on public assistance, a convicted felon, my career pension and benefits are gone, including medical care for both combat related injuries and my HIV, but I’m not dead yet.

The network of HIV Criminalization advocates in the US and Canada is amazing! I’m not going to stop until what happened to me can NEVER happen again!


HIV is NOT a Violent ACT!

HIV is a virus…a virus that over 1.3 million in the United States and Canada are living with…STOP criminalizing us!

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Racialization, Immigration and the Representation of HIV Criminalization in Canadian Mainstream Newspapers

Research and report by: Eric Mykhalovskiy, York University, Colin Hastings, York University, Chris Sanders, Lakehead University, Michelle Hayman, University of Toronto & Laura Bisaillon, University of Toronto 


For some time now, growing concerns have been voiced by African, Caribbean and Black (ACB) activists, people living with HIV, and AIDS service organizations (ASOs) that ACB people living with HIV are negatively portrayed and overrepresented in Canadian newspaper stories about criminal HIV non-disclosure cases. We investigate those alarming concerns in our report, “Callous, Cold and Deliberately Duplicitous”: Racialization, Immigration and the Representation of HIV Criminalization in Canadian Mainstream Newspapers.

Our report explores mainstream Canadian newspaper coverage of HIV non-disclosure criminal cases in Canada. Our analysis is based on 1680 English-language Canadian newspaper articles about HIV non-disclosure criminal cases in Canada written between 1989-2015. Overall, our findings show that newspapers are indeed a source of profoundly stigmatizing representations of ACB men living with HIV. This should be of great concern because the mainstream media are an important source of public information about HIV as most Canadians do not have close, first-hand knowledge of HIV, people living with HIV or crime.

­Our quantitative findings overwhelmingly support community concerns about overrepresentation. For example, 68% of the articles focus on racialized defendants. Black men, and specifically Black immigrant men, are exceptionally overrepresented in our data. They are featured in newspaper articles three times more often than would be warranted on the basis of the proportion of all defendants they represent. Moreover, this overrepresentation holds true over time. Finally, newspaper coverage is highly concentrated on a small number of sensationalized cases involving four Black men. For example, almost half (802/1680, or 49%) of all coverage since 1989 is concentrated on just four racialized people.

Our qualitative analysis focuses on four Black men living with HIV who have received extensive newspaper coverage. Once more, our findings unequivocally support community concerns about the negative and stereotypical ways ACB men living with HIV are represented. For example, we show how they are represented as dangerous, “foreign others.” One way this happens is when newspaper stories are told in criminal justice time, a technique that objectifies people within a “crime story” genre, treating them primarily as criminal subjects whose personal circumstances are largely ignored. A second way that ACB men living with HIV are represented as dangerous occurs when representations of racialized difference and immigration status are associated with constructions of moral blameworthiness and public health threats. This happens, for example, by including photographs of defendants, by referring to so-called “rare” strains of HIV that originate in African countries, and by identifying defendants by country of origin.

Despite the disconcerting findings, we conclude the report on a hopeful note with possibilities for deepening and extending alternative ways of writing about and representing HIV criminalization. The profound silencing, othering and objectification of ACB defendants in newspaper coverage of HIV non-disclosure criminal cases calls for strategies that create a positive presence, in mainstream media, for ACB men living with HIV. Efforts to work toward that end are underway by ASOs and other organizations that are a part of African, Caribbean and Black communities. We hope that our report will help to inform ongoing public discussion of this issue at such events as the African, Caribbean and Black HIV/AIDS Awareness Day.

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Criminalization of HIV Non-Disclosure in Canada

By: The Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network 


In Canada, people living with HIV can be charged and prosecuted for not disclosing their HIV-positive status to a sexual partner in some circumstances. What does disclosure to a sexual partner look like? The act of disclosing one’s HIV status means telling someone you are having sex with that you are HIV-positive. This can include anyone with whom you have a sexual relationship, including your spouse, a regular sexual partner, or someone you might have sex with only once.

In 2012, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that a person living with HIV has a legal duty to disclose their HIV-positive status before having sex that poses a “realistic possibility of transmission.” The Court determined that using a condom and having a low or undetectable viral load (the amount of HIV in a person’s blood) negated “a realistic possibility of transmission of HIV.” More than 180 people have been charged to date with HIV non-disclosure.

In Canada, people who face criminal charges related to HIV non-disclosure are typically charged with aggravated sexual assault, one of the most serious offences in the Criminal Code. People living with HIV have been charged even if they had no intention to transmit HIV, engaged in behaviours that posed little or even no risk of transmission, and did not in fact transmit HIV to their sexual partners.

The current, overly-broad use of the criminal law increases stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV, spreads misinformation about HIV, undermines public health initiatives and ultimately leads to human rights violations. When people living with HIV still experience overt discrimination and physical violence, disclosure is not easy, especially for those on whom criminalization has a disproportionate impact: women, Indigenous people, migrants and members of the African, Caribbean and Black communities. Furthermore, by equating HIV non-disclosure with aggravated sexual assault, Canadian law harms both people living with HIV and survivors of sexual violence.

But we’ve seen some positive developments in recent years.

In 2014, more than 75 prominent Canadian medical experts signed an important consensus statement, which has been an important tool for advocates and has since been used by defense lawyers representing people living with HIV, judges and scientific experts testifying in court with some positive impacts already emerging.

On World AIDS Day (December 1, 2016), federal Minister of Justice Jody Wilson-Raybould made a historic statement acknowledging the problem of the over-criminalization of HIV non-disclosure and the need for the criminal justice system to adapt to better reflect the current scientific evidence on HIV transmission. Federal Minister of Health Dr. Jane Philpott, echoing this sentiment, has noted that HIV criminalization in Canada is both a problem and a priority for the government to address.

More recently, the Ontario Working Group on Criminal Law and HIV Exposure has called for an immediate moratorium on all prosecutions in cases of HIV non-disclosure while exploring law reform options and working with the province to establish much-needed prosecutorial guidelines to limit the current misuse and overextension of the criminal law. Since Canada’s Minister of Justice, and Attorney General of Canada, has denounced the overly broad use of the criminal law in Canada, why does Ontario continue to unjustly prosecute people living with HIV? Tell Ontario’s Attorney General, the Honourable Yasir Naqvi, to stop unjust HIV-related prosecutions: click here to send your message.

Here’s hoping that both federal and provincial attorneys general listen and take action.

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Aboriginal AIDS Awareness Week

By Dylan Richards


Recently I was invited out to an on-reserve First Nations community to teach about HIV awareness. It’s always a special treat for me to do a trip like this – there are very few places you will be treated with more love and kindness than a community of Indigenous folks. After speaking for about an hour about the way HIV works in the body, the ways to prevent it, current treatment options, etc., I asked if anyone had questions. For a few moments, the circle was silent… until eventually an elderly woman raised her hand and asked, “What happens when we don’t have the money to drive to Edmonton to get the medication?”

Soon, question after question came pouring out of the folks in that circle, and each and every one was about how to prevent or live with HIV when social determinants like poverty, racism, and basic access to care stood in the way. It was a stark reminder for me that the issue of HIV among Indigenous peoples is far more complicated than simply promoting testing and condoms. The legacy of hundreds of years of oppression and abuse have created systems that put up barriers for Indigenous Canadians that many of us have never had to face. If we are going to start to make a change, that’s where we have to start – with the underlying causes of those barriers.

This year’s Aboriginal AIDS Awareness Week is focused on eliminating stigma and discrimination, but it goes beyond just that of a person living with HIV. The stigma and discrimination Indigenous Canadians face every day merely for being who they are is made even more unbearable when you add HIV-related hatred and exclusion. The strength it takes to continue each day in the face of that pressure is immense, and I am proud to know many incredibly strong and proud HIV+ Indigenous people who not only face that pressure, but excel and succeed more than I could ever imagine possible. But it is up to each one of us to take that pressure and weight off the shoulders of our fellow human beings living with HIV.

As this Aboriginal AIDS Awareness Week comes to a close, I am reminded of that circle. Each face, each person, someone who could be living with HIV. Each one someone deserving of love, support, and the same access to kindness and good medical care as each and every one of us. We live in a world where treatment and prevention have advanced to the point where we could completely prevent new HIV infections and have zero AIDS-related deaths. But until we deal with the stigma and discrimination around HIV, and that faced by communities like Indigenous Canadians, we won’t get there. So let’s all do our part to get to zero.


By Anne

I remember the day as clearly as it was yesterday. I just finished picking up a twenty piece and a pill to get my fix on. No, I wasn’t dope sick but just wanted to get higher. So, I leave the Shephards of Good Hope and head for the park just down the street, knowing that it will be silent because of the time of day with no prying eyes to watch me get my fix ready. About half way to the park I hear someone (a man) singing a Native song. All the stars were out that night and was perfect to sit in the park and enjoy the pleasure of the warmth that goes through your body as soon as the drugs get into your blood stream. I was drawn to this music. Hiya ho hay ya ho. As I come to the middle of the park – it’s Chief. A Native brother that I adopted. I ask him if I can sit. He says yes and continues to sing. I told him that warmed my heart ’cause I hadn’t heard anyone sing in a long time. As I got my fix all fixed up, he turned to me and started telling me about his family back home and that he was singing to the grandfathers to ask how he will ever be able to let them know. I asked “know what”? “I have HIV, sister” he told me. “as you are my family, I was able to tell you that I have HIV. I’ve been wanting to tell my family for many years”. I hugged him and told him that I, too, have HIV, “I am in the same boat as you are. Do you still accept me for who I am and not what I’ve got”? We both cried in eachothers arms. That’s when I knew that I’d be strong enough to disclose to my real family when the time arose. It also made me stronger to be able to talk about it today. Thank you, Chief.

Much love. XOXO,

Your sister, now and always – Bubbles.

Faces of HIV – Twenty Eight

By Shayne Woodsmith, Faces of Edmonton


“Visual AIDS is an archive project that started, I think, twenty-six years ago. It was started pre-HIV medication so when a lot of artists were dying off. Artists and friends of artists in the New York area were concerned that their art practices would be forgotten, and all their work would just be thrown out. It started as a grassroots foundation and it grew. So now it’s the largest archive of work and acts as a hub. The work doesn’t always deal directly with HIV, but they deal with issues revolving around HIV such as vulnerability.” “Lately I’ve been interested about the issue of criminalization surrounding HIV, specifically of non-disclosure of HIV where people have been charged, particularly in Edmonton actually—which has some of the most heinous criminal charges laid against people who were convicted of sexual assault, administering biological substances, or attempted murder for not telling their partners they have HIV and then having some kind of intimacy or sexual contact, regardless of transmissions. I don’t know why Edmonton has a gross history of that. It’s just ignorance.” “The courts strengthened the idea that consent should be the ultimate protection so that people with HIV were seen as having negated consent for not disclosing, so that’s the genesis of where these problems became exponential. How do you undo this idea of consent if we’re medicating people in order that they can have autonomy to make their own decisions about consenting and telling people if they’re positive? Does that have to happen? It used to be the case that the courts in Canada would accept the idea that someone’s virological load or ability to transmit is negated because they’re on medication. So the courts went a step further and asked that people use condoms so the only two conditions they would accept without disclosure were if they met those two conditions—they had to have a negligible viral load and they have to had used a condom. Otherwise potentially the law has the ability to come down with these awful charges. It’s fascinating to me, and it also makes me very angry.”

Photography Credit: Shayne Woodsmith
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Quilts, cycling & HIV

By Corey Ralph, Founder & Organizer of Fight Song


Growing up in a small fishing village 90 kilometres west of St. John’s, Newfoundland I was blessed to have parents that encouraged my brothers and I to do everything.  My dad taught us how to fish, cut wood, do plumbing and electrical and a host of other chores required in a family that owned and operated an inshore fishing enterprise. My mother instilled in us the need to learn all of the important daily tasks, like learning how to cook. As a result, my brothers and I developed many necessary skills to be successful.  Given my early childhood and the way my parents raised me, I’ve never been afraid to set high goals for myself.  My friends call me an overachiever and say that “Corey does everything well.”  I completely disagree with them. The fact is, I do well with the things for which I am passionate.

People often ask me how I started quilting.  Upon reflection, there isn’t one event that got me started on my quilting journey.  Rather it was a collection of events that piqued my interest. Again going back to my hometown and the values I learned growing up there was a big influence in my decision to begin quilting.  From as far back as I can remember, there were quilts in our house.  Some gifts from my grandmothers, some made by my mom, some store bought.  Each quilt held a story.  Whether it was made from old clothing, given as a present or simply created to toss on a bed to keep us warm.  I was visiting my mom in September of 2014 and at that time she was working on a quilt.  She exclaimed that she feared the art of quilt making, particularly in our village, would be like so many other traditions and replaced by modern or store bought items. Having a deep respect for tradition and value for the artwork that kept me warm throughout my humbled upbringing, I asked my mom to teach me how to quilt; to teach me another skill, not unlike the other skills she had taught my brothers and I so many years ago.  Since November 2014, I have completed 22 quilts and I have 6 others in various stages of being completed.  The fact is, I have become addicted to art form.  I’ve become a member of two local quilts guilds, I am a member of the Canadian Quilter’s Association, and have participated in a world ‘Share Jane” quilt project that will be premiered in France in September and Houston in October 2016.

Quilting has also become a perfect segue to my fundraising and awareness campaigns for HIV & AIDS.  For nearly 30 years, quilting has become a way to honour the lives of those lost to HIV & AIDS.  The AIDS Memorial quilt is the testament to the number of individuals impacted by the disease and the diagnosis.  Just as a quilt brought me comfort as a child, so does a quilt bring comfort to those left behind to mourn for a lost loved one.  I am very proud to be able to use my new skill to help raise funds and awareness for HIV & AIDS.  I am particularly proud to be working with HIV Edmonton on our current Quilt Raffle.

A big part of my journey to bring awareness and fundraising for HIV/AIDS brought me to California for the annual AIDS Lifecycle ride in 2013.  This coming June, I will once again be joining over 3,000 Cyclists, Roadies and Virtual Cyclists in the 545-mile bike ride from San Francisco to Los Angeles to raise funds for the life-saving services offered by San Francisco AIDS Foundation and the Los Angeles LGBT Center. My personal goal is to raise $3000 for our American friends and to raise an equal amount for HIV Edmonton.

The AIDS Lifecycle ride is truly a life changing experience.  It challenges you physically, mentally and emotionally.  The route itself brings you through some of the most beautiful country on the West Coast.  On day one, all 3000 riders leave San Francisco and head south to LA.  Day one is relatively easy, we ride about 90 kilometres before tenting for the night.  Day two is most challenging as it includes 179 kilometres of riding, 45 kilometres of which are at 8% incline. Days 3-6 see us going through several well-known California cities, (Santa Barbara, Malibu) and landmarks (and by Cher’s house).  It isn’t until Day 7 when you see the finish line and hear the throngs of people that are there to cheer you on, that it really hits you what you’ve accomplished.  There are always tears, and exuberance once you cross the finish line.  For me, the experience was summed up by a man maybe in is late 40’s who said that he could rest easy that night because he knew he would have his medication covered and that he was not going to be evicted from his place.  He thanked everyone that crossed the finish line for making that possible for him.

I am proud to say that I came back from the 2013 Lifecycle with a better awareness of HIV & AIDS and a deeper appreciation for those who work with vulnerable populations. I also came away with a desire to know more about the work being done by HIV Edmonton.  On the flight back home from Los Angles, after 7 days of the most challenging physical exercise I’d ever done, I committed to doing the Lifecycle ride every second year for as long as I am physically able. I also committed to including our local HIV organization in the proceeds I generate – I am happy to have HIV Edmonton as a partner in my journey!

For tickets to Fight Song, please click here.

The Importance of the African, Caribbean and Black Canadian HIV/AIDS Awareness Day

By Tsion Demeke Abate

I was born and raisedTsion - Hero in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and have been living in Edmonton for over 12 years. Throughout my career, I have worked with marginalized populations and have also taught in higher education institutions in both cities. I am fascinated by broader social justice and human rights issues, and my Master’s thesis was about transforming the lives of women living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa.


I am happy to say that February 7, 2016 marks the second year of the African, Caribbean and Black Canadian HIV/AIDS Awareness Day – a day to raise awareness that the risk of HIV infection among African, Caribbean and Black Canadians (ACB) is higher than other Canadians. This day is founded as a national response to the growing HIV and AIDS epidemic in ACB communities in Canada.

1 in 7 people living with HIV in Canada are ACB while only 1 in 35 people living in Canada are from ACB communities. ACB people face various forms of stigma, discrimination and oppression. In addition, there are factors that increase vulnerability to HIV among ACB people at risk of, or living with, HIV infection such as those based on gender, sexual orientation and socio-economic status. With alarming indicators such as these, we are hopeful that the African, Caribbean and Black Canadian HIV/AIDS Awareness Day will provide a platform for discussions around HIV and AIDS.

Perhaps our biggest challenge is HIV-related stigma. It is an obstacle to HIV prevention, testing and treatment. People avoid testing because some fear a positive result and the stigma associated with it. For people living with HIV, fear of disclosure means that the virus remains invisible, which can lead to feelings of loneliness and despair. This continued stress and isolation caused by stigma can worsen the health of people living with HIV.

Further, poor experiences within the healthcare system and a lack of confidence and trust towards healthcare professionals can be a huge deterrent to testing. As a result, people may be reluctant to access health and social services. So, how can we raise awareness about the experience and impact of HIV-related stigma on ACB communities among health and social service professionals? The best way to encourage access to services for ACB communities is through health promotion practices.

That is why the African, Caribbean and Black Canadian HIV/AIDS Awareness Day is important. We want to encourage people to start a conversation at home and in their communities. We want to be successful in engaging Canada’s ACB communities in a dialogue about HIV and HIV-related stigma.

For helpful information around how we can eliminate stigma and build empowerment within our communities, check out the HIV Stigma in African, Caribbean and Black communities’ factsheet.


Tsion was awarded the 2015 RISE Award (Recognizing Immigrant Success in Edmonton), in community leadership in the Immigrant category. HIV Edmonton is proud to have this outstanding woman as part of the team!


To learn more about CHABAC, visit their website here.
To learn more about African, Caribbean & Black Canadian HIV/AIDS Awareness Day, please click here
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